Creative expression has been a significant part of human evolution. From wall carvings made by cavemen to Shakespearean plays to the modern-day cinema, artistic inventions have evolved dramatically. Evolution in art has been hand in hand with the expansion of technology. The more technology became accessible to the general population, the more variation artists have brought to this world.
Art, by definition, is susceptible to change with moving times. Hence the variation in art in different eras of history. For example, paintings and poetry in India pre-colonialism were colorful and depicted stories of gods and goddesses or wars with outside invaders. Following British rule in India, artists switched to paintings and poetry about freedom fighting.
Artforms and Their Evolution
We all love to watch movies, whether it is at a cinema hall or at home. One can also watch movies on their mobile phones. However, when cinema first began, it was all different. The first-ever commercially released film screened in 1895 at the Grand Cafe in Paris. At the time, the film was developed using a camera-projector by Louis and Auguste Lumiere.
From lasting no longer than 50 seconds to being over 50 minutes long, movies have come a long way. This is all thanks to the advancement in photography and filmography technology. While the oldest cameras relied on black and white film reels, the versions after that came with RGB colour filters that added colour to the world of cinema, plus cameras are now budget friendly. Slowly, sound was also added to films. There has been no stopping technology ever since. Today we all rush to obtain the highest possible quality when it comes to cameras and TV screens.
In fact, the scope of cinema has expanded so much that 3D and 4D have become the new norm. Additionally, films can be made entirely using small devices such as mobile phones. Imagine the likes of Charlie Chaplin seeing the world of cinema today! They would be entirely shocked to see the heights cinema has achieved.
During the late 60s and 70s, graffiti art emerged in the form of ‘tagging’. Tagging was an artist’s signature signed on the side of buildings or cars using spray paint. Graffiti art was meant to be a way for the disenfranchised people of a government to express their sorrows and complaints to them through art. Through the years, graffiti has seen a worldwide expansion, with artists around the globe bringing their own style and meaning to the art form.
From simple art or signatures, graffiti has come a long way. Artists now rely on stencils or even freehand elaborate artworks. They are even legally commissioned to cover walls across cities in beautiful art.
Some artists have started utilizing technology in graffiti art. For example, artists in Delhi invest in the best projector under 10k and use projections as stencils to create art. A unique and affordable inclusion in the graffiti community. Another way technology is utilized by graffiti artists is using visualizing software to get an idea of how they will create intricate art pieces on a huge surface area.
Any Alfred Hitchcock fan will have noticed the animations added to Vertigo’s title sequence. The addition of animation to the title sequence of this film released in 1958 was a big deal at the time as animation in the film was almost unheard of until then. From 1958 to 2021 digital animation has come a long way.
In the beginning, digital animation was done by printing multiple pictures or letters and filming them in quick sequence. This was a moving image captured. Over time machines were built that were focussed entirely on making digital animations.
Today, creating and adding digital animation to images and videos is extremely easy. Whether it is done by using robust software on your computer or using a small mobile application, anyone can create digital animations. Of course, just like any other art form, it requires practice and finesse but thanks to technology the art style has become accessible to everyone.
Music technology has been around since the prehistoric era of human existence. Early humans carved instruments out of animal bones. Just like art, through the various eras of human existence, music has seen many changes. Depending on the place and era, the kind of music one would find differed vastly. However, one thing remained common – the evolution of music technology.
Modern music as we know it today itself evolved from multiple musical inventions. For example, the invention of beat slicing software allowed artists to easily mix sounds and beats instead of having to record them at the same time, or recording each singular bear separately. Another example is the propagation of the recording of music. Having humble beginnings in the form of vinyl and cassettes, music recording technology has grown vastly in the last 20 or so years.
Music technology is accessible to everybody now. Free applications and software are available to anyone looking to make music at home. There are also multiple online platforms where music can be shared with potential audiences. Gone are the days of needing to sell music CDs or tapes- getting recognition as an artist is all online.
The examples mentioned above show how much the development of technology has paved the way for progression in art. Additionally, technology being accessible has made multiple art forms accessible to the general public. Gone are the days of exclusivity when it comes to art – today, anyone, anywhere can learn any form of art and express themself however they please. It will be interesting to watch the continued evolution of art hand in hand with technology!